Toughest of the vocabulary explained visually from SKMClasses
jackalope – mythical creature: an antlered species of rabbit
jackanapes – eponym: a silly, conceited person; a ridiculous upstart
jackboot – a person who uses bullying tactics, especially to force compliance. (orig. and also, a stout military boot that extends above the knee)
Jacky Howe – eponym: Australian slang: a sheepshearer’s sleeveless shirt
jactitation – boasting, bragging, ostentatious display (also jactation). jactant – boasting, boastful
jaculate – to throw out cast or hurl, as a dart or javelin; to emit [jaculable – fit for throwing]
Jacuzzi (trademark) – eponym: a large bath incorporating jets of water to massage the body
jade (etymology) – a semiprecious gemstone (either nephrite or jadeite) or its light green color. (entirely separate from jade² – an inferior or worn-out horse, or a crabby or disreputable woman)
jaegers – eponym: woolen underwear; a trade name (among other unrelated meanings)
jalousie – a blind or shutter made of a row of angled slats ( can be adjustable glass slats)
jalousie outside shutter with slats
Short Story describing the meaning of the word Jalousie is at
jammy – Brit slang: lucky, with overtones of jealousy; implies that the person did nothing to deserve his/her luck.
janfu – see snafu
janissary – one of a group of a highly loyal supporters (I’d say it implies a ruthlessness and near-religious zeal.)
Janus word – a word having two opposite meanings (e.g. ‘sanction’; ‘cleave’)
je ne sais quois – something that cannot be adequately described or expressed
jeans – toponym: named from a fabric produced in Genoa, Italy
jeep – eponym: a small, durable, general-purpose motor vehicle [from character in the Popeye comics]
jehu – eponym: a driver, esp. one who drives furiously
jejune – 1. not interesting; dull. 2. lacking maturity; childish.
jennet or jenny-ass – a female donkey (the male is called a ”jackass’)
jerboa – a small rodent of Africa/Asia; also, a small marsupial of Australia
jeremiad (also here) – eponym: a speech expressing a bitter lament or a righteous prophecy of doom
jerkwater – (contemptuous) 1. (of a place) remote, small, and insignificant, esp. “jerkwater town” 2. contemptibly trivial: jerkwater ideas
jerrican; jerry-can – eponym: a flat-sided five-gallon container, usually metal, for petrol, water, etc.; esp. (military slang): a 5-gallon petrol can
jerry-built – erected or assembled in a slapdash, careless and haphazard fashion
Short Story describing the meaning of the word Jerry-Built is at
Jerusalem artichoke – ‘Sunflower’ is girasole in Italian. We have corrupted girasole to Jerusalem, and we call the sunflower root the Jerusalem artichoke,
though it is not an artichoke, and has nothing to do with Jerusalem.
Jesuitical – (often lowercase) practicing casuistry or equivocation; using subtle or oversubtle reasoning; crafty; sly; intriguing
jeunesse dorée – young people of fashion and wealth
jezebel – eponym: an evil and scheming woman
jiggery-pokery – some sources say “underhand scheming or behavior”. Others say it must be dishonesty in words: “verbal misrepresentation intended to take advantage of you in some way”.
jihad (also here) – 1. a holy war waged on behalf of Islam 2. (by extension) a crusade or struggle of religious fervor
jim crow – eponym: upholding discrimination against Black people (“Jim Crow laws”)
jimson weed (or jimpson weed) – toponym: a certain noxious poisonous weed, with rank-smelling foliage and narcotic/hallucinogenic properties. A corruption of Jamestown weed.
jingoism – eponym: fanatical, bellicose patriotism
jitney – 1. a small motor vehicle (e.g., a bus or van) that transports passengers on a route for a small fare. 2. a nickel
jock – an athlete. term from US football; from jockstrap, which in turn traces back to 16th century English slang jock = penis
jocular – given to jesting; jocose
jodhpurs – toponym (plural noun; picture here): trousers for horse riding, close-fitting below the knee and with reinforced patches inside the leg.
joe – eponym: Australian slang: policeman
joey – British slang: orig. the silver Britannia groat, or fourpenny piece; later the silver threepenny piece
John Bull – eponym: personification of England or the English
John Hancock (also here) – eponym: a person’s signature
Johnny Appleseed – one who seeds and spreads something desirable (not listed in dictionaries as a word) (contrast Typhoid Mary – one who, by circumstances, spreads something undesirable)
Jonah – eponym: 1. one who brings ill-fortune to those around him; a jinx 2. a prophet of doom and gloom
jorum – eponym: an unusually capacious bowl or goblet (Charles E. Funk), or its contents
judas – eponym: one who betrays in the guise of friendship
judas goat – an animal [or by extension, a person] used to lead others to destruction
judas hole – a one-way peephole in a door
judenrein – ‘Cleansed of Jews;’ areas where all Jews have been expelled, deported or killed
juggernaut – eponym: a massive inexorable force that crushes everything in its path
jugulate – to cut the throat of; also, to check or suppress (disease) by extreme measures
juju – an object used as a fetish, a charm
jump ball – (from basketball): an uncertain situation that could equally go either way; a “toss-up”
jumping Jehosaphat – used as a mild expletive (Amer. Eng.), with an old-fashioned and countrified feel
juncture (linguistics) – the degree of linkage between successive spoken sounds. Contrast the sounds of [t] and [r] in “nitrate”, where one flows tightly
into the other, with the sharp boundary between those sounds in “night-rate”.
Jabberwock nonsense, gibberish
Short Story describing the meaning of the word Jabberwock is at
jabiru large tropical stork with massive bill
jabot lace frill worn on shirt or dress front
jacana long-toed tropical freshwater wading bird
jacent lying flat; sluggish
jacinthe orange colour
jack ship’s flag flown from jack-staff at bow of vessel
jack medieval leather coat worn as armour
jackanapes impudent child; conceited fellow
jack-block pulley system for raising topgallant masts
jack-cross-tree single iron cross-tree at head of a topgallant mast
jackstaff short staff at ship’s bow from which the jack is hoisted
jackstay iron or wooden bar running along yard of ship to which sails fastened
jackyard spar used to spread the foot of a gaff-topsail
jacobin extremist or radical in politics
jaconet stout cotton cloth
jacquard intricately-woven variegated fabric; loom for making jacquard
jactancy boastfulness, vainglory
jactation throwing; boasting
jactitation a tossing, twitching or jerking of the body; a false claim
jacu large South American game bird
jaculation the act of throwing or hurling
jaculiferous having arrow-like prickles
jade pitiful horse; a nag
jagger toothed chisel
jaggery coarse and dark sugar
jailage fee paid to jailer
jaleo lively Spanish dance
jalouse to suspect; to be jealous of
jamb metal leg-armour
jambeau armour worn on the legs
jambiya curved dagger with two edges
jamdani fine Indian cotton cloth with woven flower pattern
jampan an Indian sedan chair
jangada crude log raft
janiform having two faces
janitrix a female janitor
janizary a follower or supporter
Short Story describing the meaning of the word Janizary is at
janker long pole on wheels for transporting logs
Jannock outspoken; honest; outgoing
jansky unit of strength of radio wave emission
japan glossy black varnish or lacquer
japanophilia love or admiration for Japan or the Japanese
jarabe Mexican dance for male and female partners
jararaca poisonous Brazilian snake
jardinière container for displaying flowers
jardon callous or swelling on a horse’s leg
jargonaut one who uses excessive jargon
jargonelle early pear
jargoon brilliant pale or colourless zircon
jark seal or insignia on a counterfeit document
jarta term of endearment
jaseran fine chain mail jacket
jaspe cotton or rayon cloth with shaded effect
jasper to marble; to speckle
jasperated mottled; streaked with various colours
jaspideous of the nature of jasper
jato jet-assisted takeoff engine
jaunce to prance; to cause a horse to prance
javanais word alternation slang adding ‘av’ or ‘va’ to end of syllables
javelot small spear or javelin
jawhole cesspool; sewer entrance
jaw-jaw empty, sterile chatter
jazzbo slapstick comedy
jazzetry poetry read to jazz accompaniment
jazzophone musical instrument like a kazoo with a trumpet bell
jebel hill or mountain
jecoral of, like or pertaining to the liver
jectigation wagging, tremulous movement
jeepable able to be traversed by jeep
jejunator one who fasts
jejune lacking interest or significance; dull or insipid; dry; empty
jellygraph old device for copying that used a plate of jelly
jemadar an Indian police or customs officer
jemmy burglar’s short crowbar
jennet small Spanish horse
jenneting early type of apple
jentacular of, like or pertaining to breakfast
jeofail official or legal acknowledgement of a mistake
jerboa nocturnal desert-dwelling jumping rodent
jeremiad prolonged complaint; angry or cautionary harangue; lamentation
jeremiad – 1. a long and mournful complaint; “Jack launches into a jeremiad against our administration at every opportunity.”
Approximately 1775; from French, ‘jeremiade,’ from ‘Jeremie’: Jeremiah, author of The Lamentations; from Late Latin, ‘Ieremias.’
jerkinhead truncated gable with a lipped roof
jeroboam large bottle for holding equivalent of 6 ordinary wine bottles
jerque to search for smuggled goods
jersey plain weft-knitted fabric of wool, cotton, nylon or silk
jess ringed strap tied to leg of falcon or hawk
jessamy yellow like a jasmine
jessant in heraldry, overlying
jesserant splinted armour
jesuitical cunning; quibbling
jesuitocracy government by Jesuits
jetavator control surface for deflecting rocket exhaust
jeton stamped metal token used in card-playing or reckoning accounts
jettatura the evil eye
jib small triangular sail extending from the head of the foremast
jibboom spar forming an extension of the bowsprit
jibe to change a ship’s course to make the boom shift sides
jiboya boa constrictor
jiffy unit of time used in computing equal to 1/100 second; any small unit of time
jigamaree a thingamajig; a cunning manoeuvre
jiggermast aftermost mast of a four-masted ship
jiggery-pokery deceptive or manipulative humbug
jiggumbob a thingamabob; a gadget; a whatsit; a gewgaw
jimswinger a frock coat
jink to move quickly with sudden turns and shifts
jinker light horse-drawn passenger carriage
jitney small passenger vehicle
jitterbug jazz dance featuring vigorous acrobatic feats
jive fast dance done to jazz or swing music
jnana knowledge obtained through meditation
jobation tedious scolding
jobbernowl a blockish or stupid head
jobbery the conduct of public business for private gain
jocko a chimpanzee
jockteleg large clasp knife
Jocose merry; characterized by joking
Jocoserious half in jest; half serious
Short Story describing the meaning of the word Jocoserious is at
Joculator professional jester or minstrel
joggle tooth or pin to prevent surfaces from slipping
joinder legal uniting or joining
jointure property granted to wife for use after husband’s death
joist beam supporting boards of a floor or laths of a ceiling
jolley guide for fixing a pottery mould for plates
jollyboat small boat kept hoisted at ship’s stern
jolterhead clumsy oaf; blockhead
jongleur wandering minstrel
jordan a chamberpot
jorum large bowl containing drinks
joss luck, fate
jota fast Spanish folk dance in triple time
jougs iron collar attached to post and put around neck as punishment
jounce to bump or jolt
jovialist a convivial person
jow to ring a bell; a stroke of a bell
juba dance with clapping and leg slapping performed by Southern blacks
jubate maned; having or possessing a mane
jubbah long loose outer garment worn by Muslims
jube ornamental choir-screen
jubilarian one who celebrates a jubilee, especially a priest, monk, or nun
jubilate the third Sunday after Easter
jud mass of coal ready for final removal
judder strong vibration in an aircraft
judicature power of dispensing justice by trial
judogi jacket and trousers worn by practitioner of judo
jug sound of the nightingale
jugate side by side; in pairs; overlapping
Juggins a simpleton
Short Story describing the meaning of the word Juggins is at
juglandaceous of, like or pertaining to walnuts
jugulate to cut the throat of
julep sweetened and often medicated drink
jumar mountaineering clip that grips rope when weight is applied
jumart impossible mythical offspring of a cow and donkey
jumbal thin crisp sweet cake
jumboism admiration for large things
jumelle paired or twinned article; opera-glasses
jumentous like a horse
juncaceous of, like or pertaining to rushes
junco North American finch
juntocracy government by a junta
jupon sleeveless jacket worn beneath a hauberk
jural of, like or pertaining to the law
jurant taking an oath; one who takes an oath
jurat memorandum at end of affidavit showing to whom it was sworn
juratory of, like or pertaining to an oath
jure by law
jurel coastal fish of southern United States
jurimetrics application of scientific methods to legal problems
jurisconsult legal expert
jurymast mast erected on ship in place of one lost
jus law; legal right
jussive expressing a command
justiciar administrator of justice; supreme judge
jutty projecting part of a wall
juvenal a youth; young bird’s plumage
Juvenescent becoming youthful
Juvenilia works of one’s youth; early works of an artist or author
Juxtapositive indicating juxtaposition
jubilant – (adj.) extremely joyful, happy (The crowd was jubilant when the firefighter carried the woman from the flaming building.)
juxtaposition – (n.) the act of placing two things next to each other for implicit comparison (The interior designer admired my juxtaposition of the yellow couch and green table.)
SAT Vocabulary must know words Survival words ….. Words Starting with ” J ” from SKM Classes Subhashish Sir
jargon n. Confused, unintelligible speech or highly technical speech.
jaundice n. A morbid condition, due to obstructed excretion of bile or characterized by yellowing of the skin.
jeopardize v. To imperil.
Jingo n. One of a party in Great Britain in favor of spirited and demonstrative foreign policy.
jocose adj. Done or made in jest.
jocular adj. Inclined to joke.
joggle n. A sudden irregular shake or a push causing such a shake.
journalize v. To keep a diary.
jovial adj. Merry.
jubilation n. Exultation.
judgment n. The faculty by the exercise of which a deliberate conclusion is reached.
judicature n. Distribution and administration of justice by trial and judgment.
judicial adj. Pertaining to the administration of justice.
judiciary n. That department of government which administers the law relating to civil and criminal justice.
judicious adj. Prudent.
juggle v. To play tricks of sleight of hand.
jugglery n. The art or practice of sleight of hand.
jugular adj. Pertaining to the throat.
juicy adj. Succulent.
junction n. The condition of being joined.
juncture n. An articulation, joint, or seam.
junta n. A council or assembly that deliberates in secret upon the affairs of government.
juridical adj. Assumed by law to exist.
jurisdiction n. Lawful power or right to exercise official authority.
jurisprudence n. The science of rights in accordance with positive law.
juror n. One who serves on a jury or is sworn in for jury duty in a court of justice.
joust v. To engage in a tilt with lances on horseback.
justification n. Vindication.
juvenile adj. Characteristic of youth.
juxtapose v. To place close together.